This page provides you with detailed information on your route options, the best time to embark on your Peruvian Andes expedition, helpful tips on avoiding altitude sickness, what to pack, how to train for the hike, and more.
Vilcabamba Trail Overview
Vilcabamba was founded in 1539 by Manco Inca and functioned as the capital of the Neo-Inca State until 1572 when the city fell to Spanish rule, as the Incan resistance to Spanish invasion was finally quashed.
The site is located on the Chontabamba River, off the Urubamba River, and should not be confused with the Spanish colonial town of Vilcabamba la Nueva.
The ancient capital was devastated by the invaders, abandoned, until eventually being rediscovered in 1911 and dubbed the “Lost City Of The Incas”.
The Vilcabamba Trek to Machu Picchu is one of the less common route options, so you can expect to use quiet trails with few fellow tourists.
Vilcabamba Trek Key Facts
- Difficulty: Most challenging of all the alternative treks to Machu Picchu
- Duration of trek: 5 days
- Trek Distance: 48km
- Maximum Altitude: 4,500m
- Accommodation: no facilities and no official campsites – depending on your point of view this may add to the authenticity of your experience, or add to your general discomfort
- Best Time To Go: From May to September
- Permits: Not required other than for your visit to Machu Picchu
Typical Vilcabamba Trail Itinerary
The Vilcabamba trek to Machu Picchu is generally completed over 5 days, although alternatives to this structure are available.
Below we have summarised a typical itinerary, so that you can see what to expect day-by-day.
Day 1: Cusco to Huancacalle via Abra Malaga
Day 2: Huancacalle to Racachaca
Day 3: Racachaca to Mutuypata
Day 4: Mutuypata to Aguas Calientes, via Yanatile and the Hydroelectric Station
Day 5: Aguas Calientes to Machu Picchu and back to Cusco
Vilcabamba and Choquequirao Trek
This combination is ideal for people who have already been to the Machu Picchu ruins, and would like to explore another, less well-known Inca site - Choquequirao.
This route is fairly tough, typically starting in Huancacalle and goes through all the way to Cachora. The trek takes between 7 and 8 days and is not offered by many tour companies.
Your best bet for organising it might actually be from Cusco once you arrive.
Vilcabamba Trek, Espiritu Pampa and Machu Picchu
This route heads from South to North from Cachora to Espiritu Pampa (another historical Incan ruin) and then to Chaunquiri, requiring about 12 days of walking.
You will then typically drive to Quillabamba to stay overnight, and then take a bus to Hydroelectric Station and onto Aguas Calientes.
The final day of this ultimate Peruvian hike takes you to Machu Picchu and back to Cusco.
Frequently Asked Questions about Vilcabamba Hike
When is the best time to go on the trek?
The seasons in the Peruvian Andes are divided into the wet and dry periods. We recommend that you hike the Vilcabamba hike during the dry season, which lasts from May until September.
Although this is peak season on the Classic Inca trail, the Vilcabamba trail is so quiet that you can enjoy the clear weather without the bustle of other tourists.
Do remember that the Machu Picchu Citadel is likely to be really packed at this time of the year though.
We recommend you avoid hiking from October to April because the rain and vista-
obscuring fog present during this time of the year.
The temperatures in this region are moderate and relatively constant throughout the year, averaging at around 22°C in the daytime, dropping to approximately 5°C in the evenings.
It is possible for the temperatures to drop well below freezing though, so you will need to pack enough clothing to prepare for whatever the weather is like.
How difficult is Vilcabamba Trek?
The Vilcabamba hike is considered the toughest option to hike to Machu Picchu, as you will be traversing 4 high-altitude passes and covering a significant distance over a relatively short time frame.
Many tour operators have the option of extending the hike by a day if you don’t think you’ll be up for the shorter, faster option.
That being said, you do not need to have the fitness of a marathon runner to complete this hike, and the technical difficulty of the hike is negligible.
Read on to see how to get in shape and adequately prepare for the Vilcabamba trek.
Is altitude sickness a risk?
The effects of thinning air are often felt anywhere higher than 3,000m above sea level.
Unfortunately, Cusco (3,400m) is already well above this threshold, so you may well feel the characteristic fatigue, nausea or headaches directly on arrival.
If this occurs and does not alleviate shortly, you will have the option of heading down to Ollantaytambo (2,792m) which is in the Sacred Valley, to adjust.
Generally, you will be expected to stay at least 2 days in one of the two towns before you begin your trek.
The accommodation for these days are generally included as part of the tour package that you book.
Even once you have acclimatised in Cusco, it is nevertheless important that you take certain precautions to minimise the risk of altitude sickness.
Make sure to keep hydrated all along your hike – we recommend at least 2L of water per day, avoid alcohol and drugs, even a single sleeping pill can be the last straw and cause the onset of a raging head ache, and consult a doctor if you are anxious and would like to be prescribed preventative medications.
What gear do I need?
The gear list required for the Vilcabamba trek is almost exactly the same as that of the Classic Inca Trail or most multi-day trekking lists. Click here to check it out.
One item that we suggest you add to your list, however, is a pair of gaiters to combat the mud that you will likely have to trudge through on Day 3.
How much does Vilcabamba Trek costs?
The cost of your trip varies hugely depending on the quality of experience and touring company you choose.
You can of course undertake to do the trek alone, but this is not advisable to for an inexperienced trekker. Otherwise, there are tours which cost as low as $450 per person, all the way up to $1,300 per person.
How to Train for Vilcabamba?
The best way to get a taste of what the Vilacabamba Trek is going to demand from your body, is to go on a few day-long hikes in your own country.
This will also allow you to break in your hiking shoes and gauge your fitness level. While it is difficult to squeeze a full-day hike into a busy schedule, there are everyday exercises that will improve your aerobic fitness and strength too.
We recommend a combination of hiking, cycling, swimming or rowing to get your heart rate up.
For aerobic exercise, it is important that you build endurance rather than run at a high intensity so for example if you are planning on jogging, running 5km-10km about 3 times a week at a consistent pace should be the intensity that you are aiming for.
In addition to this, training your leg muscles upper-body (to enable you to carry a heavy and uncomfortable backpack with ease) would be beneficial.
For your legs, you could focus on lunges, squats and step aerobics for example. A few upper-body work outs that would help would be sit-ups, shoulder presses and back and shoulder flies.
Do I Need Travel Insurance for the Trek?
If you plan to hike any of the Machu Picchu trails, make sure that you are adequately insured for up to 4,000m. We recommend World Nomads. Use the calculator below to get a quick quote.