Mountain Guides

Updated: May 4, 2023

Each of the 7 continents on our planet are home to incredible mountain landscapes. 

From the high altitude peaks of the Asian Himalayas and South American Andes, to the ancient mountains of the African and North American ranges, there is an almost limitless number of adventures one can explore across the World's mountains.

On this page you will find links to detailed guides on the major mountain ranges in the world, iconic trekking and climbing peaks, and popular hiking routes.


Africa is home to some of the world's most unique and awe-inspiring mountains.

In the north, one finds the famous Atlas mountains, home to Mount Toubkal.

Moving down through Central and East Africa are the Ethiopian Highlands and jungle landscapes of the Rwenzori and Virunga Mountains. This region is also home to the highest peaks in Africa, including Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya.

Dropping into southern Africa, there is a definite sense that the mountains are ancient. This is because the oldest mountains in the world are found in this region.

African Mountain Ranges

African Highlight: Mount Kilimanjaro

climbing kilimanjaro

With its iconic snow-capped peak and position as the highest mountain on the African continent, and tallest free-standing mountain in the world, Mount Kilimanjaro is a trekker’s ultimate adventure. The routes to the summit are varied, but all offer a unique experience to the Roof of Africa.

Kilimanjaro Route OptionsMachame | Lemosho | Marangu | Rongai | Northern Circuit


Mountains are not the first thing that springs to mind when one things of the White Continent - Antarctica!

Surprisingly though, there are many mountains in Antarctica, some of which are super high.

The most significant range is the Transantarctic Mountains, which separates Antarctica into East and West.

Situated in the Transantarctic Mountains is a sub range called the Sentinel Range, which is home to the Vinson Massif and of course Mount Vinson, the highest peak on the continent.  

Antarctica Mountain Ranges

Popular Antarctica Mountains


Without a doubt, Asia is the most impressive continent when it comes to mountains.

Not only is the continent home to the highest mountain in the World, Mount Everest, but it also has all 14 of the eight thousander peaks (mountain peaks that are 8000m above sea-level).

From the amazing Himalayas and Karakoram ranges to the Urals, which divide Asia from Europe, the Asian continent is the most sought after destination for mountain adventurers.  

Asian Country Guides


Nepal is one of the best trekking countries in the World. We've written a complete guide to trekking in Nepal, here. To jump to specific trekking routes by region use the Quicklinks below. 

Far West Region

Rara National Park

Manaslu Region

Kachenjunga Region


India has some incredible trekking throughout the Northern regions. We've written a complete guide to trekking in India, here. To jump to specific trekking routes by region use the Quicklinks below.

Himachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh

Sikkim Region (see guide)

See our list of best day hikes in India.


The Kingdom of Bhutan offers a number of fantastic off-the-beaten path treks. We've written a complete guide to trekking in Bhutan, here. To jump to specific Bhutan trekking routes use the Quicklinks below.

Epic Hiking Tours

Find your perfect adventure

Australia & Oceania

The Australian continent and wider Oceania region (including New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Pacific Islands and Indonesia), have an impressive array of mountain ranges and iconic peaks.

Both the Australian Alps and Southern Alps in New Zealand are rich in varied mountain landscapes, although the latter is more picturesque and offers greater hiking and mountaineering experiences.

The highlights of the region are definitely Mount Cook / Aoraki in New Zealand, and Puncak Jaya / Cartensz Pyramid in Indonesia. See our 20 Best Hikes in New Zealand article for a comprehensive guide on choosing your best-suited day and multi-day hikes.

Popular Australasia Mountains


From the incredible mountain ranges of the Alps, Dolomites and Pyrenees to the amazing trails in Scandinavia, in the Scottish Highlands and across the Mediterranean, you can be sure that Europe offers some of the most amazing mountain scenery.

Discover the most popular mountain ranges, mountains and hikes in Europe using our index below.

Europe Country Guides

Popular European Hiking Routes

You may also like our guide to hiking in Jordan.

European Highlight: Mount Elbrus


Mount Elbrus is the highest mountain on the European continent and hence one of the coveted Seven Summits. Often described as a high altitude Mont Blanc or Rainer, Elbrus should not be underestimated. Learn everything you need to know about climbing Mount Elbrus.

North America

The vast North American continent has its most impressive mountains on its tectonically active Western side.

Running the full length of the continent is the American Cordillera, a series of ranges that include the Alaska Range, Cascades, Rocky Mountains and Sierra Nevada.

These mountains are home to some of the continents most famous peaks, including Denali, Mount Rainier and Mount Hood, as well as iconic treks like the Pacific Crest Trail.

The eastern side of the continent is home to the Appalachian range, which geographically divides the USA into east and west.  This is where you'll find the infamous Appalachian Trail section hikes.

Popular North American Mountains

North American National Parks & Hikes

Other North American Hikes

Highlight: Best Hikes in USA


USA is home to some of the most remarkable national parks filled with interesting topography, wildlife, and history dating back thousands of years. Explore some of the most magnificent hikes in the USA: Yosemite, Grand Canyon, Yellowstone, Zion, Glacier, Acadia, Smoky Mountains and more.

South America

The South American continent is dominated by a single range, the Andes, which runs the full length of the continent and is the longest continental range in the World.

Due to its massive longitudinal span, the Andes can be divided into three main climate zones: the tropical Andes, wet Andes and dry Andes.

The range is home to some epic mountain peaks, like Aconcagua, the highest mountain on the continent, as well as amazing volcanoes like Cotopaxi in Ecuador.

Hiking on the continent is also amazing, with both Patagonia and hikes to Machu Picchu filling the bucket-lists of adventurers the world over.   

South America Mountain Ranges

Popular South American Mountains

Highlight: Climb Aconcagua

aconcagua guidebooks

Reach the summit of the highest mountain outside of Asia! In our Aconcagua guide we cover the three main routes to the summit, as well as provide detailed information on guides, gear, insurance, weather and much more.

Aconcagua Routes: Normal | Polish Direct | Polish Traverse

Highlight: Patagonia Trekking


Situated on the southern tip of South America, Patagonia is one of the most scenic trekking destinations in the world. The iconic Torres del Paine circuit and the Fitz Roy Trek offer unrivalled views of the granite monoliths, turquoise lakes and epic glaciers that characterise the region.

Patagonia Routes: Fitz Roy | W Trek | Full Circuit

Highlight: Machu Picchu


Machu Picchu in Peru, South America is the most well-known and popular Inca heritage ruin and is visited by over 1.2 million people every year. Here you will find all the free, useful, and unbiased information helping you get ready for an unbelievable trekking experience.

Routes: Inca Trail | Salkantay | Choquequirao | Inca Jungle | Lares | Vilcabamba

Seven Summits

seven summits

The Seven Summits are a coveted mountaineering challenge to summit the highest peaks on each continent. 

From Mount Everest in Asia to Mount Kilimanjaro in Africa, this guide provides a full overview of each major climb. 

About the author 

Mark Whitman

Mark has trekked extensively in Asia, Europe, South America and Africa. He founded Mountain IQ in 2014 with the sole aim to be the best online information portal to some of the most popular mountain destinations around the world. When not writing for Mountain IQ, Mark is out exploring the outdoors with his wife!

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