Welcome to our guide to Trekking in Nepal!
When it comes to trekking, Nepal is paradise.
On this page we provide general information on the Himalayas, Nepal, trekking routes and preparation.
Trekking in Nepal
Nepal sits slap bang in the middle of the Himalayan range and is home to eight of the ten highest mountain peaks in the world, including Mount Everest (which shares a border with Tibet in the North as well)!
The sheer height and magnificence of the Himalayas is attributed to the continental collision, uplift and folding of the Indo-Australian Plate with the Eurasian Plate, which is thought to have occurred around 50 million years ago.
Nepal’s position, in the middle of the Himalayas, make it one of the world’s most sort after trekking and climbing destinations. In fact, trekking and climbing is one of the most popular activities in Nepal and a major attraction for tourism, and driver for economic activity in the country.
Over 240 mountain peaks in Nepal breach the 6,000 meter mark (~20,000 feet) – the highest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro, is 5,895 meters.
Thirty-three mountain peaks in Nepal, with heights ranging from 5,650 meters to 6,500 meters, are classified as ‘trekking peaks’. Although as many as 15 require some, if not a lot, of climbing experience.
Being such a mountainous country, there are literally hundreds of trekking routes that all offer trekkers something unique and beautiful.
The map above depicts the 10 main Nepal trekking regions. To see a complete list of Nepal Trekking routes click here.
Below are brief descriptions on each region from west to east and links to individual route itineraries.
Nepal Trekking Regions & Routes
Far West Region
Often overlooked because of its position, the Far West Region provides incredibly authentic trekking experiences combined with beautiful landscape.
The Limi Valley Trek is the most popular trek in the region and and explores the lovely Limi Valley.
Rara National Park
An area of outstanding natural beauty, the Rara National Park is home to Nepals’ largest lake – Rara Lake.
The Rara Lake Trek is the most prominent hike in the region and can be trekked over a variety of routes. The highlight is seeing the snow capped mountains reflected perfectly in the huge lake.
One of the most remote and isolated parts of Nepal, the Dolpo Region is perfect for trekkers looking to get off the beaten path and explore the proper wilderness of Nepal.
Most hikers enter the Dolpo via Juphal.
Another remote area of Nepal, the Dhaulagiri Region houses the 7th tallest mountain on earth – Mount Dhaulagiri (8,137 meters).
This area is perfect for high altitude trekkers that want to get away from the crowds that sometimes plague the more popular routes. The most trekked route is the Dhaulagiri Circuit Trek.
One of the most trekked regions in Nepal and also one of the most beautiful. Lying just north of the trekking city of Pokhara, the Annapurna Region plays host to one of the best trekking routes in the world – the Annapurna Circuit. Because of its popularity, the region is a hot-spot for trekking routes.
The Annapurna Sanctuary Trek, The Royal Trek and the Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek are also very popular treks, especially for novice hikers or for people with less time. Other less trodden routes in the region include the Jomsom Muktinath Trek and the Annapurna Base Camp Trek. Both treks are slightly longer and more difficult, but reward their walkers with incredible vistas and scenery.
Khumbu / Everest Region
The grandest and most popular region in all of Nepal. Housing 4 of the worlds 6 tallest mountains on earth – Mount Everest, Mount Lhotse, Mount Makalu, and Cho Oyu. The Everest Base Camp Trek is the most popular route in Nepal and gets over 30,000 trekkers a year! Other popular treks in the region include the Khumba Valley Trek and Makalu Base Camp Trek.
Slap bang in the centre of Nepal, the Manaslu Region is very culturally diverse region with a stunning landscape to match.
The most popular trek is the Manaslu Circuit Trek which takes in the 8th highest mountain in the world – Manaslu (8,163 meters).
Lying north of the Annapurna Region, the Mustang Region is still home to ancient Mustang-Tibetan communities that lie in stark contrast to the ever modernizing world. The Mustang Region is known for its dry climate and it’s often possible to trek its main routes eve in the monsoon period.
Lying to the north of Kathmandu, the Langtang region is the third most popular trekking region in Nepal. Its popularity stems from its incredibly lush scenery and its close proximity to Kathmandu, making it very accessible. The Langtang Valley Trek is by far the most popular route in the region and visits the gorgeous Langtang Valley.
Other popular routes in the region include the Helambu Trek, Gosainkunda Trek and the Rolwaling Trek. The Rolwaling trek is one of the most difficult and wild treks in Nepal and requires previous mountaineering experience.
Home to third highest mountain in the world – Mt. Kachenjunga (8,586 meters), the Kachenjunga Region boasts incredible scenery and a large population of Red Pandas!
There are a number of treks in this region, however, the most popular by far is the Kachenjunga Base Camp Trek.
Getting Ready For Your Nepal Hike
Best Time To Trek In Nepal
Trekking in Nepal is best done during the dry and warm months from late February through to June and from September through to November.
During these months temperatures tend to be ‘moderate’ by Nepalese standards and the skies are often clear, providing great vistas of the Himalayas.
Of course, as these months are optimal for trekking, most routes in Nepal tend to get busy. There are, however, some quieter more remote routes that can be followed to avoid the crowds (see above).
The summer monsoon arrives in June and gets into full swing during the months of July and August. These last two months are generally wet and unpleasant, characterised by serious rain and leeches! You can however find good trekking in rain-shadow areas like the Mustang and Dolpo during these months.The winter months of December, January and February, although very cold, can give trekkers on lower routes and unclosed paths a very authentic Nepal trekking experience. They are however, not ideal for the faint-hearted and better suited for rugged trekkers who enjoy the hardships and challenges that come with trekking in freezing conditions.
Trekking Costs And Tour Operators
One of the key benefits of trekking in Nepal is that there are a number of options available in terms of how you want to organize your trek.
Generally though, there are three ways to trek in Nepal:
- Join an organized trekking group
- Acquire the services of a guide and / or a porter to assist you with your trek
- Trek independently (see separate section below)
The option you choose will usually be dictated by the difficulty of the trek, your experience and available budget.
Organized treks are best suited for trekkers looking to do long or challenging routes, or for those who are unfamiliar with Nepal / trekking in general and want the comfort of being part of an organised tour where your safety, comfort and trekking experience are in the reliable hands of a respectable operator.
Organized guided treks come in many shapes and forms, but all need to be managed by tour agencies that are registered with the Trekking Agencies’ Association of Nepal (TAAN).
Please note: if an agency, hotel or anyone else offers you a guided trek and they are not TAAN registered, then they are operating illegally and you should not acquire their services.
Organized treks cover all administrative requirements and costs like land transportation, trekking / climbing permits, taxes, porter insurance and National Park fees. Group treks generally consist of guides, porters and cooks who carry all required supplies (camping materials, your gear, food and cooking supplies) on the trail.
You are only required to carry light essentials in a small daypack. On camping routes, tents and food are assembled and prepared for you at each campsite and the general organization and operation of the trek is often overseen by a Chief Guide called a Sirdar.
Three types of tour agents / operators dominate the market.
- Firstly, there are local tour agents that run their own operations or outsource to local operators in the region. You will see many of these local agencies in the trekking and climbing hubs of Kathmandu and Pokhara.
- Secondly, there are international tour agents that outsource to local tour agents / operators.
- And finally, there are international tour companies that own and operate on-the-ground operations in Nepal.
The first group tend to be the cheapest out of the three but can often be hit and miss in terms of quality. If you decide to go with a local agent in Nepal make sure you shop around a bit, compare itineraries and check to see what is included and not included in the trek. Ask around for recommendations and most importantly, make sure that the agent is TAAN registered.
The second group are generally reliable as they have long-term and established relationships with local operators who have great track records. Obviously they tend to be more expensive as they mark-up their prices for international trekkers who are looking for that extra quality and safety.The final group are a rare breed. They tend to specialise in the most technically challenging trekking routes / climbs. These operators can design bespoke programmes for trekkers and hold full control of your trekking experience from beginning to end. The service often comes at a premium, however, because they have their own on-the-ground operations, they’re actually often quite price competitive for popular and uncomplicated treks – like Everest Base Camp.
If you are a seasoned adventurer with some experience dealing with Nepalese locals and trekking in Nepal, then you may want to consider trekking independently or acquiring the services of a guide or porter to assist you on your trek and keep you company.
Here is some useful information on permit requirements as an independent trekker.
As an independent trekker you will need a trekking permit, which varies depending on the region that you are looking to trek. You will also need to pay National Park Entrance fees.
The largest and most popular trekking regions of Annapurna, Khumbu and Langtang / Helambu require independent trekkers to have a Trekker Information Management System (TIMS) card which can be bought for NPR2,000 (US$20) from the Nepal Tourism Board offices in Kathmandu and Pokhara, or from the TAAN offices.
Trekking Gear for Nepal
The trekking gear you choose to take with you to Nepal will depend on what type of trekking you plan to do and which route you plan to take.
A key principle is to stay as light as possible, particularly if you plan to trek independently.
A lot of gear can be rented from trekking agents or bought in the towns of Kathmandu or Pokhara.
Nonetheless, there are some mandatory trekking gear requirements which we think you should rather bring with you – we have briefly set these out below. Please read our detailed trekking gear article for more information, reviews and gear recommendations.
- Hiking boots: First off you will need a good pair or well worn-in hiking boots. Do not arrive in Nepal with badly fitted boots or brand new boots. You will undoubtedly get sore feet and blisters.
- Sleeping bag: A very warm (protection up to -10 degrees Celsius), mummy-shaped sleeping bag and lightweight sleeping pad.
- Clothing: A selection of layered trekking clothing, from next-to-skin base layers, to fleece second layers and a water / wind proof shell jacket and trousers. Also bring trekking socks, thermal socks, warm gloves and warm headwear.
- Trekking poles: Adjustable trekking poles that are easy to store and sturdy under pressure.
- Sunglasses: High UV protection sunglasses that can deal with the sun intensity and glare in Nepal.
- Daypack and Duffle: A light-weight daypack to carry your essentials and a duffle bag to carry your trekking gear.
- Headlamp: Good quality, LED headlamp
- Other accessories: Water bottles / hydration bags, water purification tablets, general medications, snacks and toiletry supplies (although these can be purchased on most routes but increase in price as you get higher)
All foreigners (except Indians) require a tourist visa to enter Nepal. Visas are issued at entry ports into Nepal or can be obtained at the Nepalese Embassy in your country of origin (note: Passport holders from Afghanistan, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Iraq, Liberia, Nigeria, Palestine, Somalia, Swaziland and Zimbabwe need to obtain a visa in their country of origin before arriving in Nepal).
Visa fees are as follows (2015/16):
- Multiple entry, 15 days = US$15
- Multiple entry, 30 days = US$40
- Multiple entry, 90 days = US$100
Tourist visas can be extended at the Immigration Department in Kathmandu for a total maximum stay of 150 days in a calendar year.You will need a valid passport, one passport photograph and the tourist visa fee to obtain a visa when you enter Nepal
There is a plethora of useful books and guidebooks on Trekking in Nepal.
Check out our Nepal library where we review some of our favourite guidebooks and literature.
For the most comprehensive general travel guide to Nepal we recommend the Nepal Lonely Planet guidebook.
In terms of trekking guidebooks, the Cicerone Nepal Guides are great for specific regions. We particularly like their Annapurna and Langtang regional guides. However, if you are looking for a more general trekking guide that covers the Big Hits, then you can’t go wrong with the Lonely Planet Guide to Trekking in the Nepal Himalaya.