Inca Trail | Classic Hike To Machu Picchu (Complete Guide)

Inca Trail – Classic Hike To Machu Picchu


The Classic Inca Trail is one of the most famous and popular treks in South America, it is visited by thousands of adventure-hungry tourists every year.

The route was constructed by the Incas over 500 years ago and the Classic Inca Trail is the most famous stretch of the Inca road system.

The trail is 45km long and you will be trekking 12km per day on average and will reach a maximum altitude of 4200m when passing through Dead Women’s Pass.

The trail is typically 4-days/3-nights long, but some people extend it to 5-days/4-nights to spend an extra at Machu Picchu.

​Classic Inca Trail Overview


The trek is fairly challenging. There are many steps which can take a toll on your knees, but a reasonably fit person should be able to cover the route.

Another factor which influences the difficulty of the trek is the altitude; this is a high-altitude trek and altitude sickness is a real risk.

Altitude sickness can affect you no matter what fitness level or age you are. It is important that you spend at least 2 days is Cusco acclimatising before you embark on the trail.

The trail is truly breath-taking; combining archaeological sites, amazing mountain scenery and lush cloud forest rich in Andean fauna and flora.

This route is an amazing choice if you seek both natural beauty and ancient history.

The route typically departs from K82 and due to the popularity of the trek permits are required. Only 500 permits are issued per day, with only 200 permits being for tourists.

The permits sell out fast and you will have to book as far as 6 months in advance.

Inca Trail Quick Facts
  • The Classic Inca Trail is easily the most famous trek in South America.
  • It is rated by many as being in the top 5 treks in the world.
  • The route was constructed by the Incas over 500 years ago.
  • The highest point of the trail is Dead Women’s Pass at just over 4200m.
  • The Classic Inca Trail is just a small portion of the 45000km network of Inca roads connecting the whole empire to Cusco.
  • Friendly Llamas can be found along the route.

Regional Map

Please Note

Unfortunately, you are unable to trek the Classic Inca Trail independently and treks must be carried out in organized groups of visitors by Inca Trail agency tour groups.

Typical Machu Picchu Itinerary

​Day 1: Cusco – Ollantaytambo – KM82 – Wayllabamba

​Day 2: Wayllabamba – Llulluchapampa – Warmiwanusca (Dead Women’s Pass) – Pacamayo

​Day 3: Pacamayo – Runkurakay – Sayacmarca – Phuyupatamarc – Winay Wayna

​Day 4: Winay Wayna – Inti Punku – Machu Picchu – Agua Calientes – Ollantaytambo – Cusco

Please Note

If you want to extend your trip to 5-days, you will spend the night in a hotel in Aguas Calientes.

Video Overview

Inca Trail To Machu Picchu: Come and explore Machu Picchu and all of its beauty, wonder and magic with me as we backpacked for 26 miles and 4 days to reach the ancient city of the Incas in Peru. One of the most amazing and challenging treks I have ever been on, I highly recommend this adventure to everyone!

​Inca Trail Important Details

Best Time To Go

The best time to trek the Classic Inca Trail is in the dry season which runs from late April to early October.

The trail will be busiest between May and September, so if you intend on trekking during this time make sure you book your permits at least 6 months in advance. 

The dry shoulder months of March/April and October/November are also good time to trek, however the probability of rain during these months is higher.

December and January are incredibly wet, and the trail is closed during February for conservation and maintenance.

The temperatures are fairly consistent throughout the year with temperatures reaching the high 20s (Celsius) during the day and dropping to single digits or going below zero during the nights and early mornings.

Due to the presence of microclimates it is possible for rain to fall any time of the year, even during the driest months, so make sure you pack wet weather gear just in case. See the Inca Trail Packing List for more details.


This trail is fairly challenging. It has a lot of stairs which can be tough on your knees.

You will also be traversing through 3 passes at a high altitude, so altitude sickness may make your trek more difficult. 

This trail is very doable if you a reasonable amount of fitness and you have sent a couple days in Cusco acclimatising.


The Classic Inca Trail reaches a maximum altitude of just over 4200m, which makes the trek a high-altitude trek and therefore altitude sickness is a real possibility.

It is impossible to predict who is susceptible to altitude sickness as there is little correlation between age, gender, fitness levels etc and altitude sickness.

What is known, however, is that going too high too fast is a key contributing factor. 

It is recommended that you spend at least 2 days in Cusco acclimatising.

 However, because Cusco is already at 3400m, if you’re traveling from sea level it is very likely that you will experience mild altitude sickness.

It is important that you rest and drink lots of fluids to try stave off the symptoms.

It is important to know the risks, so you can take preventative measures against altitude sickness.


Due to the popularity of the trail there are only a limited number of permits issued per day.

Only 500 permits are issued and only 200 of those are for tourists, the other 300 are for support staff.

Due to the lack of permits you will want to book your permit 5/6 months in advance.

Permits go on sale at the end of each year for the previous year.

Inca Trail FAQ

​Inca Trail Tours

Unfortunately, you cannot trek the trail independently and your trip will have to be carried out in organised groups of visitors, a travel or tourism agency or with an official guide.

You can book your trip with one of the 175 officially licensed trail tour operators in Peru or with a larger international travel agency with a partnership with a licensed operator.

Tour operators will organise everything for you; from booking your permit, to sorting you into groups and providing a guide.

The closest thing you will get to trekking independently in with an independent Inca Trail guide. This does mean that you will have to organise your trip yourself as well as carry your own belongings.

Travel Insurance

If you plan to hike any of the Machu Picchu trails, make sure that you are adequately insured for up to 4,000m. We recommend World Nomads. Use the calculator below to get a quick quote.

Recommended Guidebook

Lonely Planet Peru Travel Guide is one of the most detailed, yet easy to digest guide to the Peruvian Andes and has most of the treks and routes in it. 

Other Questions

Is the trek difficult, do I need to be very fit?

Will I be carrying my own belongings?

Will there be bathroom facilities along the trail?

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